Evolutionary systems are highly relevant in science as they provide a framework for understanding the processes of change and adaptation in complex systems. In economics, evolutionary approaches have been particularly influential in the development of institutional economics.

Institutional economics emphasizes the importance of institutions, such as laws, norms, and customs, in shaping economic behavior and outcomes. Evolutionary institutionalism builds on this idea by arguing that institutions themselves evolve over time in response to changing circumstances and feedback from economic actors. This perspective recognizes the importance of historical and cultural factors in shaping economic systems and rejects the assumption of static equilibrium that underlies traditional economic theory.

Evolutionary institutionalism has been applied to a wide range of economic phenomena, including technological change, industrial organization, and the role of the state in economic development. By emphasizing the dynamic and path-dependent nature of economic systems, evolutionary institutionalism provides a more nuanced and realistic understanding of economic processes than traditional economic models.